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What are the conditions of probation in Missouri?

| Jun 30, 2020 | Criminal Defense |

If the state of Missouri convicts you of a crime, the judge may decide that you have a high probability of rehabilitation. If this is the case, the judge may forego jail time in favor of probation.

Though probation is favorable to incarceration, it does not necessarily mean you are free to do whatever you want. Probation comes with one or several conditions, which the judge will set depending on the nature and severity of your offense. However, according to the Missouri Department of Corrections, most probation conditions fall into 11 distinct categories.

The 11 conditions of probation

If you receive a criminal conviction, the judge or jury may determine that one or several of 11 conditions of probation are appropriate for you. Those 11 conditions are as follows:

  • You will obey all laws, including state, federal, municipal and county, at all times. If an officer arrests you while you are on probation, you will report the arrest to your probation officer within 48 hours.
  • If you plan to travel from the area in which you live, you must seek permission from your probation officer.
  • If you plan to move from your current place of residence, you must seek permission from and/or notify your probation officer.
  • You must maintain employment unless you partake in a program that requires a considerable time investment, and even then, you must seek permission from your probation officer.
  • You must obtain permission from your probation officer if you plan to associate with another convicted offender or person of interest.
  • You may not possess or use controlled substances other than those a doctor prescribes to you.
  • You may not own, purchase, possess, sell, receive or transport any ammunition, firearms or explosives.
  • You will successfully complete all court-mandated programs.
  • You will report to your probation officer as the officer requires.
  • You will pay your intervention fees by the first of every month.
  • You will abide by all special conditions of release, which may include completing a rehabilitation program, abstaining from alcohol or undergoing vocational training.

The purpose of probation

For many first-time and minor offenders, probation serves as a means of keeping non-violent offenders out of jail while still sending the message that the state will not tolerate criminal behavior. The goal is to provide offenders with a structure that may help them lead a law-abiding life.